Paving the way to strong literacy development begins long before Kindergarten, but if your child enters school and cannot be understood by an unfamiliar listener at least 90% of the time, he or she is at risk for reading difficulties. In fact, research states that literacy acquisition is likely to be compromised if a child’s speech is not easily understood by the age of 5 years, 6 months. Persistent speech difficulties well into a child’s 6th year are also associated with literacy development difficulties.
“Articulation” refers to making sounds and involves coordination of movement among lips, teeth, palate, and tongue. Does your child:
“Phonology” refers to how sounds are put together to make syllables and words. Does your child:
Children who have a disorder of phonology are especially at-risk for ongoing problems with language and literacy due to a weak sound/symbol system.
If a child is exhibiting speech sound difficulties it is important to make sure that he or she is assessed and receives the most appropriate treatment, to bolster strong literacy development.